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Author Guidelines

To ensure best practice authors are expected to follow the International Standards for Authors published by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Wager, & Kleinert, 2011).

All contributions must have a distance teacher education focus.

All contributions must be submitted in English and will be submitted to referees (national and/or international). The consulting editors/referees will have documented expertise in the area that the contribution addresses.

When reviews are received, an editorial decision will be reached in terms of the following:

  • to accept the article;
  • to reject the article; or
  • to request a revision (in some cases for further peer review).

Authors submitting contributions agree to there being no arbitration process should a contribution be rejected, as set out above. However, the editor will follow a supportive process to build publishing capacity in Africa, where possible.

As a rule, not more than one article per author or co-author will be accepted for refereeing and possible publication.

Authors bear full responsibility for keeping the factual content of their contributions accurate and recent. Authors are encouraged to adhere to COPE: ‘How to handle authorship disputes: a guide for new researchers’. The corresponding author must ensure that all contributing authors have been included in the final submitted version of the manuscript and the authorship form has been signed.

Authors bear full responsibility for obtaining copyright permissions for materials included in their manuscripts where applicable.

Authors should prepare two copies of their manuscript for submission – one with all the names of the authors and the second, an anonymised copy.

On submission of manuscripts, authors must present a written undertaking that the article has not been published or is not being presented for publication elsewhere. Authors must also provide a written declaration that the work is their original work and that they have not plagiarised.

The authors must ensure that the language in the manuscript has been properly edited and the name and address of the language editor must be supplied.

Preparation of manuscripts (Not more than 7 000 words)

The manuscript, including the abstract, figure captions, tables, etc., should be typed on A4-size paper and the pages should be numbered consecutively. Manuscripts must be submitted in MS Word format. Use the Arial 11pt font typeface.

The title should be brief (maximum 15 words), but specific, to facilitate discoverability, followed by the author(s) name(s) and e-mail address(es).

An abstract in English (approximately 190 words) must be provided. Up to 10 keywords that characterise the article must follow the abstract. The abstract must indicate the argument (thesis) put forward in the contribution, the reasons why the research was undertaken (rationale), research method(s) used, major findings and recommendations.

The first page must contain only the following:

  • The title of the contribution
  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The abstract
  • Keywords

The text of the article should be divided into unnumbered sections, for example, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Appendix (in that order). If necessary, secondary, headings may be used for further subdivision.

Do not use footnotes. A maximum of five endnotes per contribution will be allowed.

Authors must observe publishing conventions and should not use any terminology that can be construed as being sexist or racist.

Figures should be clear, black and white originals, on separate pages - not embedded in the text. Grey or coloured shading must not be used. Tables or figures should be numbered consecutively with a brief descriptive heading/caption. Information should not be duplicated in the text and the tables. Each table and/or figure must be referred to in the text by number - not 'above' or 'below', for example, Table 1, Figure 1. These will be placed in a suitable position after the first reference.


References are cited in the text by the author(s) name(s) and the year of publication in brackets (Harvard method), separated by a comma, for example, (Brown, 1997).

If several articles by the same author and from the same year are cited, the letters a, b, c, etc. should be added after the year of publication, for example, (Brown, 1977a).

Page references in the text should follow a colon after the date, for example, (Brown, 1997:40-48). In works by three or more authors, the surnames of all authors should be given in the first reference to such work. In subsequent references to this work, only the name of the first author is given, followed by the abbreviation et al., for example, (Ziv et al., 1995).

If reference is made to an anonymous item in a newspaper, the name of the newspaper is given in brackets, for example, (Daily News, 1999).

For personal communications (oral or written), identify the person and indicate in brackets that it is a personal communication, for example, (M Smith, pers. comm.).

List of references

Only sources cited in the text are listed, in alphabetical order, under References. Bibliographic information should be in the language of the source document (not in the language of the article). References should be presented as indicated in the following examples. Special attention should be paid to the required punctuation.

Journal articles:

Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s), year of publication, title of article, unabbreviated title of journal, volume (not issue number) and pagination, for example, Johnson, DW & Johnson, RT. 1999. Gifted students illustrate cooperative learning. Educational Leadership, 50:60-6.


Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s) or editor(s), year of publication, title, volume, edition, place of publication and publisher, for example, Van Zyl, R (ed.). 1994. Recent advances in classroom research. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Chapters in books:

Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s), year of publication, title of chapter, editor(s), title of book, place of publication and publisher, for example, Dukzec, S. 1988. Gender issues. In: Hicks, D & Brown, J (eds.). Education for peace. London: Routledge.

Unpublished theses or dissertations:

Squelch. J. 1991. Teacher training for multicultural education in a multicultural society. MEd dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa.

Anonymous newspaper references:

Citizen 1996. Education for all, 22 March.

Electronic references:

No author

Violence and discipline problems in US schools 2001. Available at Accessed 2 March 2005.

Published under author's name:

Wilson, J. 2000. The blame culture. British Educational Research Journal, 26. Available at EBSCO Host: Academic Search Premier. Accessed 20 April 2005.

Personal communications:

Not retrievable and not listed.

Publishing policies.

For best practice, TETFLE adheres to COPE’s Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing and COPE’s policies on ethical oversight. Before publication, TETFLE require authors to grant this journal the permission to publish their articles. TETFLE further adheres to COPE’s guidelines for post-publication discussions and corrections.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). Articles derived from a research thesis or dissertation have been indicated and the name of the institution to which it was submitted, the date of submission, the author(s), and the supervisor have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The manuscript or abstract is anonymised and a title page, which includes all corresponding authors' details is provided.

Research Articles

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